Scientific Archaeology 2020

November 20, 2020

This year my contribution to the Science in Archaeology course (VU Amsterdam) was done online due to the COVID-19 restrictions. The course comprised live online lectures, pre-recorded video clips and case study discussions. The focus was how to detect past human impacts on the landscape and we explored many proxies including: charcoal, diatoms, egg shells, non-pollen palynomorphs, phytoliths, and pollen. In the final session of the humans impacts section of the course each student presented a case study paper that they had chosen. Here is what they chose:

  • Kinder, M., Tylmann, W., Bubak, I. et al. Holocene history of human impacts inferred from annually laminated sediments in Lake Szurpiły, northeast Poland. J Paleolimnol 61, 419–435 (2019).
  • Perren BB, Massa C, Bichet V, et al. A paleoecological perspective on 1450 years of human impacts from a lake in southern Greenland. The Holocene. 2012;22(9):1025-1034. doi:10.1177/0959683612437865
  • Miller, G. H., Magee, J. W., Johnson, B. J., Fogel, M. L., Spooner, N. A., McCulloch, M. T., & Ayliffe, L. K. (1999). Pleistocene extinction of Genyornis newtoni: human impact on Australian megafauna. Science, 283(5399), 205-208. DOI: 10.1126/science.283.5399.205
  • Katerina Kouli, Tracing human impact on a mountainous plant landscape in Rhodopi Mt (N. Greece) during the last 1100 years, Revue de Micropaléontologie, Volume 68, 2020, 100442,
  • Spassimir Tonkov, Elena Marinova, Mariana Filipova-Marinova, Elissaveta Bozilova. Holocene palaeoecology and humaneenvironmental interactions at the coastal Black Sea Lake Durankulak, northeastern Bulgaria. Quaternary International. 328-329 (2014)
  • Djamali, M., de Beaulieu, J.-L., Andrieu-Ponel, V., Berberian, M., Miller, N. F., Gandouin, E., Lahijani, H., Shah-Hosseini, M., Ponel, P., Salimian, M., & Guiter, F. (2009). A late Holocene pollen record from Lake Almalou in NW Iran: evidence for changing land-use in relation to some historical events during the last 3700 years. Journal of Archaeological Science, 36(7), 1364–1375.
  • Brusgaard, N., Fokkens, H., & Kootker, L. M. (2019). An isotopic perspective on the socio-economic significance of livestock in Bronze Age West-Frisia, the Netherlands (2000–800 BCE). Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 27(July), 101944.
  • Astudillo, F. J. (2018). Soil phytoliths as indicators of initial human impact on San Cristóbal Island, Galápagos. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 490, 522–532.
  • Haberle, S. G. (2003). Late quaternary vegetation dynamics and human impact on alexander selkirk island, chile. Journal of Biogeography30(2), 239–255.

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