William Gosling on:
Barnosky, A.D. & Hadly, E.A. (2014) Problem solving in the Anthropocene. The Anthropocene Review, 1, 76-77.
The short communication by Barnosky & Hadly examines the current fundamental environmental ‘problem’ for human populations through the lens of the “Anthropocene” concept, i.e. will some human populations:
- continue to develop using a “business as usual” model that has been shown to elevate environmental risk to all human populations, or
- alter societal practice in an attempt to reduce the environmental risks now and for future generations.
Barnosky & Hadly straightforwardly and succinctly present the case that, based on the weight of evidence from the collective scientific endeavour of the global community, humans are now fundamental altering the functioning of planet Earth; a view further supported by the recently published Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report (IPCC, 2014).Throughout the period of anatomically modern human existence (Homo sapiens sapiens, the last c. 200,000 years) populations have experienced a variety of environmental changes. Exposure to environmental change has had both positive and negative impacts on societal development (e.g. Gosling & Williams, 2013; Hodell et al., 1995).