The first, ever, week of the Environments Through Time course at the University of Amsterdam has just finished. The course sits within the MSc Biological Sciences (Ecology & Evolution) and MSc Earth Sciences (Geo-ecosystem Dynamics) but is also avaliable to other masters students. In the first week we have thought about four main topics:
- Scales of change (ecological, geological, and human).
- Humans as drivers of environmental change.
- Extra-terrestrial forcing of environmental change.
- Earth system feedbacks.
The week was completed with each student giving a three (3) minute presentation of their favourite paper. The papers presented ranged from the extinction of giant sharks, through forest-savannah transitions, to how climate change thwarted Ghengis Kahn. Next week we continue by disecting how chronologies are constructed.
FULL LIST OF PAPERS PRESENTED BY THE MSC STUDENTS
Ashworth, A.C. & Nelson, R.E. (2014) The paleoenvironment of the Olympia beds based on fossil beetles from Discovery Park, Seattle, Washington, U.S.A. Quaternary International 341, 243-254.
Baker, P.A., Seltzer, G.O., Fritz, S.C., Dunbar, R.B., Grove, M.J., Tapia, P.M., Cross, S.L., Rowe, H.D. & Broda, J.P. (2001) The history of South American tropical precipitation for the past 25,000 years. Science 291, 640-643.
Buntgen, U. & Di Cosmo, N. (2016) Climatic and environmental aspects of the Mongol withdrawal from Hungary in 1242 CE. 6, 25606.
Doyen, É., Vannière, B., Berger, J., Arnaud, F., Tachikawa, K. & Bard, E. (2013) Land-use changes and environmental dynamics in the upper Rhone valley since Neolithic times inferred from sediments in Lac Moras. The Holocene 23, 961-973.
Dupont-Nivet, G., Krijgsman, W., Langereis, C.G., Abels, H.A., Dai, S. & Fang, X. (2007) Tibetan plateau aridification linked to global cooling at the Eocene-Oligocene transition. 445, 635.
Fortuny, J., Marce-Nogue, J., Steyer, J.-., Esteban-Trivigno, S., Mujal, E. & Gil, L. (2016) Comparative 3D analyses and palaeoecology of giant early amphibians (Temnospondyli: Stereospondyli). 6, 30387.
Horikawa, K., Martin, E.E., Basak, C., Onodera, J., Seki, O., Sakamoto, T., Ikehara, M., Sakai, S. & Kawamura, K. (2015) Pliocene cooling enhanced by flow of low-salinity Bering Sea water to the Arctic Ocean. 6, 7587.
Hultberg, T., Lagerås, P., Björkman, L., Sköld, E., Jacobson, G.L., Hedwall, P. & Lindbladh, M. (2017) The late-Holocene decline of Tilia in relation to climate and human activities – pollen evidence from 42 sites in southern Sweden. Journal of Biogeography 44, 2398-2409.
Jong, R.d., Björck, S., Björkman, L. & Clemmensen, L.B. (2006) Storminess variation during the last 6500 years as reconstructed from an ombrotrophic peat bog in Halland, southwest Sweden. Journal of Quaternary Science 21, 905-919.
Langdon, P.G., Barber, K.E. & Hughes, P.D.M. (2003) A 7500-year peat-based palaeoclimatic reconstruction and evidence for an 1100-year cyclicity in bog surface wetness from Temple Hill Moss, Pentland Hills, southeast Scotland. Quaternary Science Reviews 22, 259-274.
Liu, K., Reese, C.A. & Thompson, L.G. (2005) Ice-Core Pollen Record of Climatic Changes in the Central Andes during the last 400 yr. Quaternary Research 64, 272-278.
Lukas, S., Spencer, J.Q.G., Robinson, R.A.J. & Benn, D.I. (2007) Problems associated with luminescence dating of Late Quaternary glacial sediments in the NW Scottish Highlands. Quaternary Geochronology 2, 243-248.
Munoz, S.E. & Gajewski, K. (2010) Distinguishing prehistoric human influence on late-Holocene forests in southern Ontario, Canada. The Holocene 20, 967-981.
Munoz, S.E., Schroeder, S., Fike, D.A. & Williams, J.W. (2014) A record of sustained prehistoric and historic land use from the Cahokia region, Illinois, USA. Geology 42, 499-502.
Pearce, T.A., Olori, J.C. & Kemezis, K.W. (2010) Land Snails from St. Elzear Cave, Gaspe Peninsula, Quebec: Antiquity of Cepaea Hortensis in North America. Annals of Carnegie Museum 79, 65-78.
Pimiento, C. & Clements, C.F. (2014) When Did Carcharocles megalodon Become Extinct? A New Analysis of the Fossil Record. PLoS ONE 9(10), e111086.
Sasaki, N. & Takahara, H. (2012) Fire and human impact on the vegetation of the western Tamba Highlands, Kyoto, Japan during the late Holocene. Quaternary International 254, 3-11.
Sjöström, J., Norström, E., Risberg, J. & Schoeman, M.H. (2017) Late Holocene palaeoenvironmental reconstruction from Mpumalanga Province (South Africa) inferred from geochemical and biogenic proxies. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 246, 264-277.
Tudhope, A.W., Chilcott, C.P., McCulloch, M.T., Cook, E.R., Chappell, J., Ellam, R.M., Lea, D.W., Lough, J.M. & Shimmield, G.B. (2001) Variability in the El Niño-Southern Oscillation Through a Glacial-Interglacial Cycle. Science 291, 1511-1517.
van der Kaars, S., Miller, G.H., Turney, C.S.M., Cook, E.J., Nurnberg, D., Schonfeld, J., Kershaw, A.P. & Lehman, S.J. (2017) Humans rather than climate the primary cause of Pleistocene megafaunal extinction in Australia. Nature Communications 8, 14142.
van der Lubbe, H.J.L., Krause-Nehring, J., Junginger, A., Garcin, Y., Joordens, J.C.A., Davies, G.R., Beck, C., Feibel, C.S., Johnson, T.C. & Vonhof, H.B. (2017) Gradual or abrupt? Changes in water source of Lake Turkana (Kenya) during the African Humid Period inferred from Sr isotope ratios. Quaternary Science Reviews 174, 1-12.
Villavicencio, N.A., Lindsey, E.L., Martin, F.M., Borrero, L.A., Moreno, P.I., Marshall, C.R. & Barnosky, A.D. (2016) Combination of humans, climate, and vegetation change triggered Late Quaternary megafauna extinction in the Última Esperanza region, southern Patagonia, Chile. Ecography 39, 125-140.
Vitas, A. Tree-Ring Chronology of Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) for Lithuania. Baltic Forestry 14, 110-115.
Willard, D.A., Bernhardt, C.E., Holmes, C.W., Landacre, B. & Marot, M. (2006) Response of Everglades tree islands to environmental change. Ecological Monographs 76, 565-583.
Wolfe, A.P., Reyes, A.V., Royer, D.L., Greenwood, D.R., Doria, G., Gagen, M.H., Siver, P.A. & Westgate, J.A. (2017) Middle Eocene CO2 and climate reconstructed from the sediment fill of a subarctic kimberlite maar. Geology 45, 619.